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Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.

Based on the strength of Big Earth Data and requirement of global indicator framework for SDGs, a series of studies have been conducted on SDG 2 (Zero Hunger), SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), SDG 13 (Climate Action), SDG 14 (Life Below Water), and SDG 15 (Life on Land) under the guidance of Technology Facilitation Mechanism. All these can demonstrate the application value and broad prospect of Big Earth Data in monitoring and evaluating SDGs, explore new methods of implementing 2030 Agenda by utilizing advanced technologies such as big data and AI within the framework of Technology Facilitation Mechanism, and reveal the exploration and practice of China using technological innovation to implement 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

The world is becoming increasingly urbanized. Since 2007, more than half the world’s population has been living in cities, and that share is projected to rise to 60 per cent by 2030. Cities and metropolitan areas are powerhouses of economic growth—contributing about 60 per cent of global GDP. However, they also account for about 70 per cent of global carbon emissions and over 60 per cent of resource use. Rapid urbanization is resulting in a growing number of slum dwellers, inadequate and overburdened infrastructure and services (such as waste collection and water and sanitation systems, roads and transport), worsening air pollution and unplanned urban sprawl.

Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

2019 was the second warmest year on record and the end of the warmest decade (2010- 2019) ever recorded. Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere rose to new records in 2019. Climate change is affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives. Weather patterns are changing, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more extreme. Saving lives and livelihoods requires urgent action to address both the pandemic and the climate emergency.

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

The ocean drives global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution, and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries. Saving our ocean must remain a priority. Marine biodiversity is critical to the health of people and our planet.

Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems

Nature is critical to our survival: nature provides us with our oxygen, regulates our weather patterns, pollinates our crops, produces our food, feed and fibre. But it is under increasing stress. Human activity has altered almost 75 per cent of the earth’s surface, squeezing wildlife and nature into an ever-smaller corner of the planet.

Around 1 million animal and plant species are threatened with extinction – many within decades – according to the 2019 Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people. Forests are vitally important for sustaining life on Earth, and play a major role in the fight against climate change. And investing in land restoration is critical for improving livelihoods, reducing vulnerabilities, and reducing risks for the economy. The health of our planet also plays an important role in the emergence of zoonotic diseases, i.e. diseases that are transmissible between animals and humans. As we continue to encroach on fragile ecosystems, we bring humans into ever-greater contact with wildlife, enabling pathogens in wildlife to spill over to livestock and humans, increasing the risk of disease emergence and amplification.

Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

After decades of steady decline, the number of people who suffer from hunger – as measured by the prevalence of undernourishment – began to slowly increase again in 2015. Current estimates show that nearly 690 million people are hungry, or 8.9 percent of the world population – up by 10 million people in one year and by nearly 60 million in five years. The world is not on track to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030. If recent trends continue, the number of people affected by hunger would surpass 840 million by 2030. Increasing agricultural productivity and sustainable food production are crucial to help alleviate the perils of hunger.

Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

While substantial progress has been made in increasing access to clean drinking water and sanitation, billions of people—mostly in rural areas—still lack these basic services. Worldwide, one in three people do not have access to safe drinking water, two out of five people do not have a basic hand-washing facility with soap and water, and more than 673 million people still practice open defecation.

Global Data ProductsData products for SDGs View More

SDG Satellite SDG-1, known as SDGSAT-1, is the first satellite developed specifically for the implementation of UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG), and the first Earth science satellite among the satellites developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), which is launched successfully into orbit On november 5, 2021.

Tailored to the needs of monitoring and evaluating indicators related to global SDGs, SDGSAT-1 is equipped with three kinds of payloads including thermal infrared, low-light-level and multi-spectral imagers, orbiting the Earth at an altitude of 505 km and an inclination angle of 97.5.

The three payloads, combined with their 300 km-wide swaths, can provide all-time, all-weather, multi-load cooperative observations, achieving global coverage in 11 days.

SDGSAT-1 aims to achieve the fine depiction of "traces of human activities" and therefore to provide exclusive data support for the SDG indicators which reflect the interaction between human activities and nature.

China will develop and operate follow-on satellites to and provide more indicator-tailored data sources to facilitate global SDG implementation.

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